“The exploitation of real estate by criminals for money laundering purposes is well recognized internationally and underscores the importance of quality reporting on relevant suspicious transactions,” the Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC), said in a 14 page brief. “Many countries are increasing their efforts to implement counter measures following the Financial Action Task Force (FATF)’s work on this topic indicating that the real estate sector is highly susceptible for many reasons: for example, easy price manipulation and a variety of complex options for selling/purchasing/financing with anonymity.”
FINTRAC said in the brief, entitled Indicators of Money Laundering in Financial Transactions Related to Real Estate,
that most illicit money related to real estate filters through the residential housing market. IT also claims there are deficiencies in the industry’s compliance programs.
Money laundering is a crime that has wide-ranging effects, according to FINTRAC.
“As an example, in the real estate sector, the injection of illicit funds into the housing market can artificially inflate selling prices thus making homes unaffordable, and increase the risk of investment losses when criminals move their operations to other markets,” FINTRAC said.
The watchdog provided a list of indicators to help real estate professionals, including agents, identify potential cases of money laundering.
Those include: clients asking for a lower purchase price than the one negotiated for to be recorded on the documents; clients purchasing under someone else’s name; clients buying back properties they recently sold; buyers showing little interest in profiting through rent from investment properties; Foreign buyer clients who have no connection to Canada other than that specific real estate purchase.
Those are just a few of the indicators. The rest can be viewed by reading the entire brief
Some facts from anti-money laundering agency Fintrac’s annual report for 2015-16 tabled Thursday:
- Financial transaction reports received: 23,727,393.
- Disclosures of actionable intelligence to partners: 1,655.
- Of those, disclosures related to terrorist financing: 483.
- Queries received from international allies: 240.
- Compliance examinations conducted across Canada: 739.
- Administrative monetary penalties issued: 22.
- Penalty imposed on an unnamed Canadian federally regulated financial institution: $1.15 million.
(Source: Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada, annual report 2015-16)
With files from Canadian Press
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