Indigenous people living in Canada’s major cities are more likely to rent rather than own their home and more likely to be living in subsidized housing.
A new report from Statistics Canada analyzes results from the 2016 Census and finds several key factors affecting the living conditions of Canada’s 1.67 million Indigenous people (4.9% of the population).
Around 44% of Indigenous people live in one of the 49 urban areas large enough to be divided into neighbourhoods (census tracts). The largest Indigenous population is in Winnipeg (around 100,000).
Of those in urban areas in 2016, around half were private renters, compared with one quarter of the non-Indigenous population. One in five was in subsidized housing.
The report also highlights the living conditions of Indigenous people in urban areas; they are more likely to be living in homes requiring major repairs (11% rising to 14% when only rental homes are analyzed).
Around 4% of the Indigenous population in urban areas were deemed to be living in crowded homes, defined as more than one person per room. However, this was in line with the non-Indigenous population.
The study found that the Indigenous population became more evenly distributed across neighbourhoods over the past two decades but this could be due partly to more people identifying as Indigenous.
The full study is available at: https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/en/catalogue/75-006-X201900100018
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